PHILIP FEARNSIDE AND

AMAZONIAN CONTROVERSIES

 

CONTROVÉRSIAS AMAZÔNICAS

 

Os dois lados de 22 controvérsias sobre a Amazônia

Both sides of 22 controversies about Amazonia        

 

 

                                                                                             

1.) Pinguelli Rosa: Greenhouse-gas emissions from hydroelectric dams / Emissões das hidrelétricas

2.) Dan Nepstad: Inevitability and governance / Inevitabilidade e governança

3.) Achard et al.: Amazonian emissions / Emissões amazônicas

4.) Sarndenberg & Silveira: Avança Brasil / Avança Brasil

5.) Lugo and Brown: Amazonian Biomass / Biomassa amazônica

6.) David Wood: Forests or Fields / Florestas ou roças

7.) Pedro Sánchez:  Continuous Cultivation / Cultivo contínuo

8.) Tom Fisher: Sympathy for investors / Simpatia pelos investidores

9.) Alfredo Homma: Extractive Reserves / Reservas extrativistas

10.) Manfred Nitsch: Ecological-Economic Zoning / Zoneamento Ecológico-Ecológico

11.) Manfred Nitsch: Human Carrying Capacity / A Capacidade de suporte humana

12.) Belfort & Sérgio Fonseca: Balbina Dam / A Hidrelétrica de Balbina

13.) Merle Faminow: Pasture and speculation / Pastagem e especulação

14.) Fankhauser & Tol: Value of human life / O valor da vida humana

15.) Tol & Kirschbaum: Time preference / Preferência temporal

16.) INPE: How much deforestation is there? / Quanto desmatamento existe?

17.) Falesi – Does pasture improve the soil? / As pastagens melhoram o solo?

18.) Wright & Müller-Landau: Will urbanization save the forest? / A urbanização salvará a floresta?

19.) Mayanna Lahsen: Sociology of science in LBA / Sociologia de ciência no LBA

20.) Rogério Cezar de Cerqueira Leite: Belo Monte Dam / Hidrelétrica de Belo Monte

21.)Gilberto Câmara: The Importance of Roads/ Gilberto Câmara: A Importância de Estradas

22.) ABAL – Dams and aluminum smelting / Barragens e usinas de alumínio

 

 

Return to complete list/Retornar à lista completa <link>

Link to list by subject/Link para lista por assunto <link>

 

 

Return to index of controversies/Retornar ao índice das controvérsias: <link>

 

1.) Pinguelli Rosa: Greenhouse-gas emissions from hydroelectric dams

     Pinguelli Rosa: Emissões de gases de efeito estufa das barragens hidrelétricas

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

Fearnside, P.M. 2017. Dams with big reservoirs: Brazil’s hydroelectric plans threaten its Paris climate commitments. The Globalist, 29 January 2017. http://www.theglobalist.com/dams-climate-change-global-warming-brazil-paris-agreement/

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Fearnside, P.M. 2017. Planned disinformation: The example of the Belo Monte Dam as a source of greenhouse gases. pp. 125-142. In: Liz-Rejane Issberner & Philippe Lena (eds.) Brazil in the Anthropocene: Conflicts between Predatory Development and Environmental Policies. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, New York, U.S.A. 364 pp. ISBN 978-1-138-68420-1. https://www.routledge.com/Brazil-in-the-Anthropocene-Conflicts-between-predatory-development-and/Issberner-Lena/p/book/9781138684201

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Desinformação Planejada: O exemplo da Barragem de Belo Monte como fonte de gases de efeito estufa (tradução)

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Fearnside, P.M. 2016. Greenhouse gas emissions from Brazil’s Amazonian hydroelectric dams. Environmental Research Letters 11 (2016) 011002 [open access] ISSN: 1748-9326 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/1/011002

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Fearnside, P.M. 2016. Greenhouse gas emissions from hydroelectric dams in tropical forests. pp. 428-438 In: J. Lehr & J. Keeley (eds.) Alternative Energy and Shale Gas Encyclopedia. John Wiley & Sons Publishers, New York, E.U.A. 912 pp. ISBN: 978-0-470-89441-5 http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0470894415.html

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Hidrelétricas em florestas tropicais como fontes de gases de efeito estufa. [tradução]

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Fearnside, P.M. 2015. Tropical Hydropower in the Clean Development Mechanism: Brazil’s Santo Antônio Dam as an example of the need for change. Climatic Change 131(4): 575-589. doi: 10.1007/s10584-015-1393-3

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Hidrelétricas no Mecanismo de Desenvolvimento Limpo: A Barragem de Santo Antônio como exemplo da necessidade de mudança. pp. 203-228. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 1. Editora do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil. 296 pp. (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 2015. Emissions from tropical hydropower and the IPCC. Environmental Science & Policy 50: 225-239. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2015.03.002

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Emissões das hidrelétricas tropicais e o IPCC. pp. 239-258. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 2. Editora do INPA, Manaus. 297 pp. ISBN print: 978-85-211-0144-4 online: 978-85-211-0150-5 (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 2013. Credit for climate mitigation by Amazonian dams: Loopholes and impacts illustrated by Brazil’s Jirau Hydroelectric Project. Carbon Management 4(6): 681-696. doi: 10.4155/CMT.13.57 http://www.future-science.com/doi/abs/10.4155/cmt.13.57

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Crédito para mitigação das mudanças climáticas por barragens Amazônicas: Brechas e impactos ilustrados pelo projeto da hidrelétrica de Jirau. pp. 181-202. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 1. Editora do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil. 296 pp. (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 2013. Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos e tomada de decisão. pp. 43-60; 87-91 In: A.L. Val & G.M. dos Santos (eds.) Grupo de Estudos Estratégicos Amazônicos (GEEA), Tomo VI. Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas. 202 pp. ISBN 978-85-211-0116-1

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Fearnside, P.M. 2013. Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Entre o pragmatismo e a utopia. [comentários sobre palestra de Luiz Pinguelli Rosa]. pp. 30-32 In: A.L. Val & G.M. dos Santos (eds.) Grupo de Estudos Estratégicos Amazônicos (GEEA), Tomo VI. Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas. 202 pp. ISBN 978-85-211-0116-1

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Fearnside, P.M. 2013. Comentários sobre os depoimentos [sobre Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos e tomada de decisão]. pp. 60-67 In: A.L. Val & G.M. dos Santos (eds.) Grupo de Estudos Estratégicos Amazônicos (GEEA), Tomo VI. Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas. 202 pp. ISBN 978-85-211-0116-1

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Fearnside, P.M. 2013. Comentários sobre os depoimentos [sobre Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos e tomada de decisão]. pp. 60-67 In: A.L. Val & G.M. dos Santos (eds.) Grupo de Estudos Estratégicos Amazônicos (GEEA), Tomo VI. Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas. 202 pp. ISBN 978-85-211-0116-1

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Fearnside, P.M. 2013.  Climate change and the Amazon: Tropical dams emit greenhouse gases. ReVista, Harvard Review of Latin America 12(2): 30-31. ISSN: 1541–1443. http://www.drclas.harvard.edu/publications/revistaonline/winter-2013/climate-change-and-amazon

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Fearnside, P.M. & S. Pueyo.. 2012. Underestimating greenhouse-gas emissions from tropical dams.  Nature Climate Change 2(6): 382–384. doi:10.1038/nclimate1540 http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v2/n6/full/nclimate1540.html

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Subestimação das emissões de gases de efeito estufa de represas tropicais. pp. 221-226. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 2. Editora do INPA, Manaus. 297 pp. ISBN print: 978-85-211-0144-4 online: 978-85-211-0150-5 (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 2012. Desafios para midiatização da ciência na Amazônia: O exemplo da hidrelétrica de Belo Monte como fonte de gases de efeito estufa. pp. 107-123. In: A. Fausto Neto (ed.) A Midiatização da Ciência: Cenários, Desafios, Possibilidades, Editora da Universidade Estadual da Paraíba (EDUEPB), Campina Grande, PB. 288 ISBN 978-85-7879-085-1.

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Republicação: A hidrelétrica de Belo Monte como fonte de gases de efeito estufa: Desafios para midiatização da ciência na Amazônia. pp. 287-294. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 1. Editora do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil. 296 pp. (2015).

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Pueyo, S. & P.M. Fearnside. 2011. Emissões de gases de efeito estufa dos reservatórios de hidrelétricas: Implicações de uma lei de potência. Oecologia Australis 15(2): 114-127.  doi: 10.4257/oeco.2011.1502.02   ISSN 2177-6199 http://www.oecologiaaustralis.org/ojs/index.php/oa/article/download/oeco.2011.1502.2/514

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Emissões de gases de efeito estufa dos reservatórios de hidrelétricas: Implicações de uma lei de potência. pp. 227-237. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 2. Editora do (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 2.  INPA, Manaus. 297 pp. ISBN print: 978-85-211-0144-4 online: 978-85-211-0150-5 (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 2011. Gases de Efeito Estufa no EIA-RIMA da Hidrelétrica de Belo Monte. Novos Cadernos NAEA 14(1): 5-19.

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Republicação: Belo Monte e Altamira (Babaquara): As hidrelétricas planejadas no Rio Xingu como fontes de gases do efeito estufa. pp. 249-278. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 1. Editora do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil. 296 pp. (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 2011. Hidrelétricas amazônicas como emissoras de gases de efeito estufa. Proposta 35(122): 24-28.  ISSN 1982-8950 [http://www.fase.org.br/_comunicacao/pagina.php?id=265]

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Fearnside, P.M. 2011. Emissões: Os impactos mais renegados das hidrelétricas. Contra Corrente, No. 3: 27-30.

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Fearnside, P.M. 2009.  As hidrelétricas de Belo Monte e Altamira (Babaquara) como fontes de gases de efeito estufa. Novos Cadernos NAEA 12(2): 5-56. ISSN: 1516-6481. doi: 10.5801/S21797536

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Republicação: Belo Monte e Altamira (Babaquara): As hidrelétricas planejadas no Rio Xingu como fontes de gases do efeito estufa. pp. 249-278. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 1. Editora do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil. 296 pp. (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 2008. Hidrelétricas como “fábricas de metano”: O papel dos reservatórios em áreas de floresta tropical na emissão de gases de efeito estufa. Oecologia Brasiliensis 12(1): 100-115.

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English version: A framework for estimating greenhouse gas emissions from Brazil’s Amazonian hydroelectric dams. (manuscript)

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Hidrelétricas como “fabricas de metano”: O papel dos reservatórios em áreas de floresta tropical na emissão de gases de efeito estufa. pp. 205-220. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 2. Editora do INPA, Manaus. 297 pp. ISBN print: 978-85-211-0144-4 online: 978-85-211-0150-5 (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 2007. Why hydropower is not clean energy. Scitizen, Paris, France (peer-reviewed website). http://www.scitizen.com/screens/blogPage/viewBlog/sw_viewBlog.php?idTheme=14&idContribution=298

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Controvérsias sobre o efeito estufa. Por que a energia hidrelétrica não é limpa. pp. 270-271 In: I.S. Gorayeb (ed.). Amazônia. Jornal "O Liberal"/VALE, Belém, Pará. 384 pp. (2008) ISBN 978-85-61628-00-0 [também publicado no jornal O Liberal 30 Jan. 2008].

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Controvérsias sobre o efeito estufa. Porque a energia hidrelétrica não e limpa. pp. 137-139.  In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 2. Editora do INPA, Manaus. 297 pp. ISBN print: 978-85-211-0144-4 online: 978-85-211-0150-5 (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 2006. Greenhouse gas emissions from hydroelectric dams: Reply to Rosa et al. Climatic Change 75(1-2): 103-109. (DOI: 10.1007/s10584-005-9016-z)

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Emissões provenientes de usinas hidrelétricas: Resposta a Rosa et al. pp. 187-192. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 2. Editora do INPA, Manaus. 297 pp. ISBN print: 978-85-211-0144-4 online: 978-85-211-0150-5 (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 2005. Dirty hydros [Response to Graham Faichney] New Scientist, issue 2494, 09 April 2005, Page 24.

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Fearnside, P.M. 2004. Greenhouse gas emissions from hydroelectric dams: Controversies provide a springboard for rethinking a supposedly “clean” energy source, Climatic Change 66(1-2): 1-8. Doi: 10.1023/B:CLIM.0000043174.02841.23

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Emissões de gases de efeito estufa por represas hidrelétricas: controvérsias fornecem um trampolim para repensar uma fonte de energia supostamente “limpa.” pp. 179-185. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 2. Editora do INPA, Manaus. 297 pp. ISBN print: 978-85-211-0144-4 online: 978-85-211-0150-5 (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 2002. Greenhouse gas emissions from a hydroelectric reservoir (Brazil’s Tucuruí Dam) and the energy policy implications. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 133(1-4): 69-96. Doi: 10.1023/A:1012971715668

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Emissões de Gases de Efeito Estufa de um Reservatório Hidrelétrico (a Represa de Tucuruí) e as suas Implicações para Política Energética. pp. 75-93. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 1. Editora do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas. 296 pp. (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 2001. Environmental impacts of Brazil's Tucuruí Dam: Unlearned lessons for hydroelectric development in Amazonia. Environmental Management 27(3): 377-396. Doi: 10.1007/s002670010156

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Impactos Ambientais da Barragem de Tucuruí: Lições ainda não Aprendidas para o Desenvolvimento Hidrelétrico na Amazônia. pp. 53-74. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 1. Editora do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas. 296 pp. (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 1997.  Greenhouse-gas emissions from Amazonian hydroelectric reservoirs: The example of Brazil's Tucuruí Dam as compared to fossil fuel alternatives. Environmental Conservation 24(1): 64-75. doi:10.1017/S0376892997000118

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Greenhouse gas emissions from Amazonian hydroelectric reservoirs: The example of Brazil's Tucuruí Dam. pp. 64-89 In: L. Pinguelli Rosa & M.A. dos Santos (eds.) Hydropower Plants and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Coordenação dos Programas de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (COPPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro. 111 pp. (1997).

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Emissões de gases de efeito estufa de reservatórios hidrelétricos na Amazônia: O exemplo de Tucuruí e comparação com as alternativas de combustível fóssil. pp. 161-177. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 2. Editora do INPA, Manaus. 297 pp. ISBN print: 978-85-211-0144-4 online: 978-85-211-0150-5 (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 1996. Hydroelectric dams in Brazilian Amazonia: Response to Rosa, Schaeffer & dos Santos. Environmental Conservation 23(2): 105-108. doi:10.1017/S0376892900038467

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Fearnside, P.M. 1995.  Hydroelectric dams in the Brazilian Amazon as sources of 'greenhouse' gases. Environmental Conservation 22(1): 7-19. doi:10.1017/S0376892900034020

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Hidrelétricas na Amazônia brasileira como fontes de gases de efeito estufa. pp. 141-159. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 2. Editora do INPA, Manaus. 297 pp. ISBN print: 978-85-211-0144-4 online: 978-85-211-0150-5 (2015).

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            The Other Side / O Outro Lado

 

 

Rosa, L.P. 2013. Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Entre o pragmatismo e a utopia. pp. 13-25; 41 In: A.L. Val & G.M. dos Santos (eds.) Grupo de Estudos Estratégicos Amazônicos (GEEA), Tomo VI. Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas. 202 pp.

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dos Santos, M.A., L.P. Rosa, B. Matvienko, E.O. dos Santos, C.H.E. D´Almeida Rocha, E. Sikar, M.B. Silva & Ayr Manuel P.B. Junior. 2008. Emissões de gases de efeito estufa por reservatórios de hidrelétricas. Oecologia Brasiliensis 12(1): 116-129.

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da Silva, M., B. Matvienko, M.A. dos Santos, E. Sikar, L.P. Rosa, E. dos Santos & C. Rocha. 2007. Does methane from hydro-reservoirs fiz out from the water upon turbine discharge? SIL – 2007-XXX Congress of the International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology, Montreal, Québec, Canadá.

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Rosa, L. P., dos Santos, M. A., Matvienko, B., dos Santos, E. O., Sikar, E. & dos Santos, E. O. 2006. Scientific errors in the Fearnside comments on greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from hydroelectric dams and response to his political claiming’, Climatic Change 75(1-2): 91-102. doi: 10.1007/s10584-005-9046-6

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Faichney, G. 2005. Dirty hydros. New Scientist, issue 2494, 09 April 2005, Page 24.

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Rosa, L. P., dos Santos, M. A., Matvienko, B., dos Santos, E. O. and Sikar, E. 2004. Greenhouse gases emissions by hydroelectric reservoirs in tropical regions. Climatic Change 66(1-2): 9-21.

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Brazil, MCT. 2002, Degravação do workshop: Utilização de Sistemas Automáticos de Monitoramento e Medição de Emissões de Gases de Efeito Estufa  da Qualidade da Água em Reservatórios de Hidrelétricas. Centro de Gestão de Estudos Estratégicos do MCT, Brasília – DF, 06 de fevereiro de 2002. Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia (MCT), Brasília, DF, Brazil. (posted from 2002 to 2006 at: http://www.mct.gov.br/clima/brasil/doc/workad.doc).

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Rosa, L.P., R. Schaeffer & M.A. dos Santos. 1996. Are hydroelectric dams in the Brazilian Amazon significant sources of 'greenhouse' gases? Environmental Conservation 23(2): 2-6.

                                  

 

ELETRONORTE. 2004. Eletronorte responde The New York Times, ELETRONORTE., Brasília, DF, Brazil.
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Gagnon, L. 2002. The International Rivers Network statement on GHG emissions from hydroelectric reservoirs: A case of misleading science. International Hydropower Association, Sutton, Surrey, U.K. http://www.hydropower.org/DownLoads/GHG-Reply-IRN-2002-v10.pdf

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            Other comments on the controversy / Outros comentários sobre a controvérsia:

 

Cullenward, D. & D.G. Victor. 2006. The Dam Debate and its Discontents. Climatic Change 75(1-2): 81-86.

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Harvey, L.D. 2006. The Exchanges Between Fearnside and Rosa Concerning the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Hydro-Electric Power Dams: An Editorial Comment. Climatic Change 75(1-2): 87-90.

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Giles, J. 2006. Methane quashes green credentials of hydropower. Nature 444: 524-525.

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McCully, P. 2006. Fizzy Science: Loosening the Hydro Industry’s Grip on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Research. International Rivers Network, Berkeley, California, USA. 24 pp.

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Return to index of controversies/Retornar ao índice das controvérsias: <link>

 

 

2.) Dan Nepstad: Inevitability and governance

 

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

Laurance, W.F. & P.M. Fearnside. 2002. Issues in Amazonian Development. Science 295: 1643. [comment on D.C. Nepstad et al. Science 295: 629 (2002)].    DOI:10.1126/science.295.5560.1643b

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Fearnside, P.M. [2002]. Dear Dan. (Unpublished email replying to Dan Nepstad).

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            The Other Side

 

Nepstad, D.C., D. McGrath, A. Alencar, A. C. Barros, G. Carvalho, M. Santilli, & M. del C. Vera Diaz. 2002. Frontier Governance in Amazonia. Science 295: 629.

 

 

Nepstad, D.C., D. McGrath, A. Alencar, A. C. Barros, G. Carvalho, M. Santilli, & M. del C. Vera Diaz. 2002. Response [to Laurance & Fearnside]. Science 295: 1643-1644.

 

Nepstad, D.C. [2002]. Dear Bill and Phil.. (Unpublished email from Dan Nepstad).

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Return to index of controversies/Retornar ao índice das controvérsias: <link>

 

 

3.) Achard et al.: Amazonian emissions

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

Fearnside, P.M. & W.F. Laurance. 2003. Comment on “Determination of Deforestation Rates of the World’s Humid Tropical Forests” Science 299: 1015a. DOI: 10.1126/science.1078714 (http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/299/5609/1015a.pdf)

                                   <free from publisher-online format>

                        (http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/reprint/299/5609/1015a.pdf)

                                               <Preprint-L pdf> <preprint-L html>

 

Fearnside, P.M. & W.F. Laurance. 2004. Tropical deforestation and greenhouse gas emissions. Ecological Applications 14(4): 982-986. doi: 10.1890/03-5225

                                               <Preprint-L pdf > <Preprint-L html>

 

 

            The Other Side

 

Achard, F., H.D. Eva, H.J. Stibig, P. Mayaux, J. Gallego, T. Richards & J-.P. Malingreau. 2002. Determination of deforestation rates of the world’s humid tropical forests. Science 297: 999-1002.

                                              

 

Eva, H. D., Achard, F., Stibig, H-J. & Mayaux, P. (2003). Response to comment on “Determination of deforestation rates of the World’s humid tropical forests.”  Science, 299, 1015b.

                                              

 

Achard, F., H.D. Eva, P. Mayeux, H-J. Stibig, & A. Belward. 2004. Improved estimates of emissions from land cover change in the tropics for the 1990s. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 18(GB2008): 1-11. doi 10.1029/2003 GB002142.

                                              

 

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4.) Sarndenberg & Silveira: Avança Brasil

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

Fearnside, P.M. & W.F. Laurance. 2012. Infraestrutura na Amazônia: As lições dos planos plurianuais. Caderno CRH 25(64): 87-98. doi: 10.1590/S0103-49792012000100007 ISSN: 0103-4979

                                   <Full text-L> <SIELO link>

 

Fearnside, P.M., W.F. Laurance, M.A. Cochrane, S. Bergen, P.D. Sampaio, C. Barber, S. D’Angelo & T. Fernandes. 2012. O futuro da Amazônia: Modelos para prever as conseqüências da infraestrutura futura nos planos plurianuais. Novos Cadernos NAEA 15(1): 25-52. ISSN: 1516-6481 http://www.periodicos.ufpa.br/index.php/ncn/article/view/865/1331

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Laurance, W.F., M.A. Cochrane, P.M. Fearnside, S. Bergen, P. Delamonica, S. D’Angelo, T. Fernandes, C. Barber. 2001. Response [to J.P. Silveira]. Science 292: 1652-1654. DOI:10.1126/science.292.5522.1651c

                                               <free from publisher-online format>

                       

Fearnside, P.M., W.F. Laurance. 2001. Author response to P. Frumhoff & B. Stanley. Science dEbates 31 May 2001 http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/eletters/291/5503/438

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Laurance, W.F., M.A. Cochrane, P.M. Fearnside, S. Bergen, P. Delamonica, S. D’Angelo, T. Fernandes, C. Barber. 2001. Author response to S. Schwartzman and R. Bonnie. Science dEbates. 31 May 2001. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/eletters/291/5503/438

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Laurance, W.F., M.A. Cochrane, S. Bergen, P.M. Fearnside, P. Delamônica, C. Barber, S. D’Angelo & T. Fernandes. 2001. The Future of the Brazilian Amazon. Science 291: 438-439. doi: 10.1126/science.291.5503.438

                                               <free from publisher in online format>

                                                           <Preprint-L pdf> <Preprint-L html>

 

Laurance, W.F., M.A. Cochrane, S. Bergen, P.M. Fearnside, P. Delamônica, C. Barber, S. D’Angelo & T. Fernandes. 2001. The Future of the Brazilian Amazon: Supplementary Material. Science Online (http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/291/5503/438/DC1).

                                                          

 

Laurance, W.F., S. Bergen, M.A. Cochrane, P.M. Fearnside, P. Delamonica, S. D'Angelo, C. Barber  T. Fernandes. 2005.  The future of the Amazon. pp. 583-609 In: E. Bermingham, C.W. Dick and C. Moritz (eds.) Tropical Rainforests: Past, Present and Future. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. 1004 pp..

                                               <Preprint-L pdf>  <publisher link>

 

Fearnside, P.M. 2001. Avança Brasil: Conseqüências ambientais e sociais na Amazônia brasileira.  Cadernos Adenauer.2(4): 101-124.

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Fearnside, P.M. & W.F. Laurance. 2002. O futuro da Amazônia: Os impactos do Programa Avança Brasil. Ciência Hoje 31(182): 61-65.

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Fearnside, P.M. 2002. Avança Brasil: Environmental and social consequences of Brazil’s planned infrastructure in Amazonia. Environmental Management 30(6): 748-763. doi: 10.1007/s00267-002-2788-2

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Fearnside, P.M. & W.F. Laurance. nd [2001]. Response to the Brazilian Embassy in London. (manuscript).

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            Press reaction

 

Folha de São Paulo. 2001. Paranóia Amazônica.  23 January, p. A-2.

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            The Other Side

 

Brazilian Embassy, London. 2001. Plans for the Sustainable Development of the Amazon. Brazilian Embassy, London, U.K. 4 pp.

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Silveira, J.P. 2001. Development of the Brazilian Amazon. Science 292: 1651-1652.

                                              

 

Nepstad, D. et al. 2001. Science and the future of Amazon policy. Science dEbates online 18 July. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/eletters/291/5503/438#335

                                              

 

Schwartzman, S.  R. Bonnie. 2001. Science dEbates. 31 May 2001.

                                              

 

Frumhoff, P.  B. Stanley. 2001. Science dEbates 31 May 2001

                                              

 

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5.) Lugo and Brown: Amazonian Biomass

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1992.  Forest biomass in Brazilian Amazonia: Comments on the estimate by Brown and Lugo. Interciencia 17(1): 19-27.

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Fearnside, P.M. 1993. Biomass of Brazil's Amazonian forests: Reply to Brown and Lugo revisited. Interciencia 18(1): 5-7.

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Fearnside, P.M. 1985.  Brazil's Amazon forest and the global carbon problem. Interciencia 10(4): 179‑186.

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Fearnside, P.M. 1986. Brazil's Amazon forest and the global carbon problem: Reply to Lugo and Brown. Interciencia 11(2): 58‑64.

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            The Other Side

 

Lugo, A.E.  S. Brown. 1986. Brazil's Amazon forest and the global carbon problem. Interciencia 11(2): 57-58.

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Brown, S. & A.E. Lugo. 1992. Aboveground biomass estimates for tropical moist forests of the Brazilian Amazon. Interciencia 17(1): 8-18.

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Brown, S. & A.E. Lugo. 1992.  Biomass of Brazilian Amazonian forests: The need for good science. Interciencia 17(4): 201-203.

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6.) David Wood: Forests or Fields

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1993.  Forests or fields: A response to the theory that tropical forest conservation poses a threat to the poor. Land Use Policy 10(2): 108-121. doi: 10.1016/0264-8377(93)90002-R 

                                                           <Preprint-L><Pub med access> <Web Search>

 

            ¿Bosques o cultivos? Gaia [Madrid] 1993(3): 43-52. (1993).

                                                          

 

 

            The Other Side

 

 

Wood, D. 1993. Forests to fields: Restoring tropical lands to agriculture. Land Use Policy 10(2): 91-107.

                                                                      

 

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7.) Pedro Sánchez:  Continuous Cultivation

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1987.  Rethinking Continuous Cultivation in Amazonia. BioScience 37(3): 209‑214. doi: 10.2307/1310520

                                                           <Preprint-L pdf> <Preprint-L html> <free download>

 

            Reconsideração do cultivo contínuo na Amazônia. Revista Brasileira de Biologia 50(4): 833-840. (1990).

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            Reconsideración del cultivo contínuo en la Amazonía. Revista Forestal del Perú 18(1): 23-37. (1991).

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Fearnside, P.M. 1988. Yurimaguas reply. BioScience 38(8): 525‑527.

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            The Other Side

 

Sánchez, P.A., D.E. Bandy, J.H. Villachica & J.J. Nicholaides III. 1982.  Amazon Basin soils: management for continuous crop production. Science 216: 821‑827.

                                                          

 

Nicholaides III., J.J., D.E. Bandy, P.A. Sánchez, J.R. Benites, J.H. Villachica, A.J. Coutu & C.S. Valverde. 1985.  Agricultural alternatives for the Amazon Basin. BioScience 35(5): 279‑285.

                                                          

 

Walker, B. H., P. Lavelle & W. Weischet. 1987. Yurimaguas technology. BioScience 37(9): 638-640.

                                                          

 

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8.) Tom Fisher: Sympathy for investors

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1989. Deforestation in the Amazon. Environment 31(7): 4-5. (reply to comments on "A Prescription for Slowing Deforestation" Environment 31(4): 16-20; 39-40, 1989).

                                               <preprint-pdf> <html> <Web Search>

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1989.  A prescription for slowing deforestation in Amazonia. Environment 31(4): 16‑20, 39‑40.

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            Como Frear o Desmatamento da Amazônia. A Amazônia Brasileira em Foco 18: 164-168. (1990).

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            Como frear o desmatamento. tempo e presença 11(244/245): 8-12. (1989).

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            The Other Side

 

Fisher, T.R.. & L.F. Alves. 1989.  Deforestation in the Amazon. Environment 31(7): 4.

                                              

 

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9.) Alfredo Homma: Extractive Reserves

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1989.  Extractive reserves in Brazilian Amazonia: An opportunity to maintain tropical rain forest under sustainable use. BioScience 39(6): 387‑393. doi: 10.2307/1311068

                        <preprint-L> <CSA access>  <Web Search>

 

            Reservas extrativistas: uma estratégia de uso sustentado. Ciência Hoje 14(81): 14-18. (1992).

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Fearnside, P.M. 1996. "Extractivism in the Brazilian Amazon: Perspectives on Regional Development" edited by Miguel Clüsener-Godt and Ignacy Sachs. Environmental Conservation 23(4): 379-380. doi:10.1017/S0376892900039370 

                                              

 

Fearnside, P.M. 2003. Conservation policy in Brazilian Amazonia: understanding the dilemmas. World Development  31(5): 757-779. doi: 10.1016/S0305-750X(03)00011-1

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Política de conservação na Amazônia brasileira: Entendendo os dilemas.(manuscript).

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            The Other Side

 

Homma, A.K.O. 1994. Plant extraction in the Amazon: Limitations and Possibilities. pp. 34-57 In: M. Clüsner-Godt & I. Sachs (eds.) Extractivism in the Brazilian Amazon: Perspectives in Regional Development. MAB Digest 18. United Nations Educational and Scientific Organization (UNESCO), Paris. 88 pp.

                                              

 

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10.) Manfred Nitsch: Ecological-Economic Zoning

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

Fearnside, P.M. 2001. Zoneamento nos estados amazônicos. In: Seminário Avaliação da Metodologia do Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico para a Amazônia. Manaus-AM, 03 a 05 de outubro de 2000, Manaus-AM. Programa Piloto de Conservação das Florestas Tropicais do Brasil (PPG7), Ministério do Meio Ambiente, Brasília-DF. (CD-ROM).

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Fearnside, P.M. 1997.  Limiting factors for development of agriculture and ranching in Brazilian Amazonia. Revista Brasileira de Biologia 57(4): 531-549.

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Fatores limitantes para o desenvolvimento da agropecuária na Amazônia brasileira

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            The Other Side

 

Nitsch, M. 2001. A natureza sem voz: Avaliação crítica do ordenamento territorial na Amazônia pelo “zoneamento ecológico-econômico”. In: Seminário Avaliação da Metodologia do Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico para a Amazônia. Manaus-AM, 03 a 05 de outubro de 2000, Manaus-AM. Programa Piloto de Conservação das Florestas Tropicais do Brasil (PPG7), Ministério do Meio Ambiente, Brasília-DF. (CD-ROM).

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11.) Manfred Nitsch: Human Carrying Capacity.

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1997.  Human carrying capacity estimation in Brazilian Amazonia as a basis for sustainable development. Environmental Conservation 24(3): 271-282. doi:10.1017/S0376892997000350

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            Human carrying capacity estimation in Brazilian Amazonia: Research requirements to provide a basis for sustainable development. pp. 274-291 In: R. Lieberei, C. Reisdorff and A.D. Machado (eds.) Interdisciplinary Research on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Amazonian Rain Forest and its Information Requirements. Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (GKSS), Bremen, Germany. 323 pp. (1996).

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            The Other Side

 

Nitsch, M. 1996. Social and economic implications of recent strategies for Amazonia: A critical assessment pp. 121-136. In: R. Lieberei, C. Reisdorff and A.D. Machado (eds.) Interdisciplinary Research on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Amazonian Rain Forest and its Information Requirements. Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (GKSS), Bremen, Germany. 323 pp.

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12.) Belfort & Sérgio Fonseca: Balbina Dam

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1989.  Brazil's Balbina Dam: Environment versus the legacy of the pharaohs in Amazonia. Environmental Management 13(4): 401-423. Doi: 10.1007/BF01867675

                                              

A Hidrelétrica de Balbina: O faraonismo irreversível versus o meio ambiente na Amazônia. pp. 97-125. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 1. Editora do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil. 296 pp. (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 1990.  A Hidrelétrica de Balbina: O Faraonismo Irreversível versus o Meio Ambiente na Amazônia. Instituto de Antropologia Meio-Ambiente (IAMÁ), São Paulo, Brazil. 63 pp.

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Fearnside, P.M. 1994. “Revisitando Balbina” Amazonas em Tempo [Manaus]  04 de maio de 1994, Cad. 3, p. 1.

                                               <pdf>

 

“Associação do INPA contesta Belfort” O Povo [Manaus] 11 de agosto de 1991, p. 6-A.

                                               <pdf>

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1991. “Fearnside responde crítica de Belfort” O Diário do Amazonas 09 de agosto de 1991, p. 5.

                                               <pdf>

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1991. “Fearnside responde a Belfort” O Jornal do Comércio [Manaus] 09 de agosto de 1991, p. 8.

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            The Other Side

 

A Crítica [Manaus] 1991. “Belfort responde rijo a Fearnside e Massambani”. 02 de agosto de 1991, Caderno Cidade, p. 5.

            `                                  <pdf>

 

Figueiredo, S. 1994. “Revisitando Balbina - A espera de uma morte anunciada” Amazonas em Tempo [Manaus] 27 de abril de 1994, Cad. 3, p. 1.

                                               <pdf>

 

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13.) Merle Faminow: Pasture and speculation

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1999. "Cattle, Deforestation and Development in the Amazon: An Economic, Agronomic and Environmental Perspective" by Merle D. Faminow. Environmental Conservation 26(3): 238-240. doi:10.1017/S0376892999240325

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Fearnside, P.M. 2002. Can pasture intensification discourage deforestation in the Amazon and Pantanal regions of Brazil?  pp. 299-314 In: C.H. Wood and R. Porro (eds.) Deforestation and Land Use in the Amazon. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, U.S.A. 386 pp.

                                   <preprint-pdf>  <html> <Web search>

 

A intensificação da pastagem pode frear o desmatamento no Brasil? (tradução não publicada)

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Carrero, Gabriel C. & Philip M. Fearnside. 2011. Forest clearing dynamics and the expansion of land holdings in Apuí, a deforestation hotspot on Brazil’s Transamazon Highway. Ecology and Society16(2): 26. [online] URL:
http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol16/iss2/art26/  ISSN: 1708-3087

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Dinâmica de uso da terra e a expansão de propriedades rurais em Apuí, um hotspot do desmatamento na Rodovia Transamazônica, Brasil. [Tradução-Manuscrito]

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            The Other Side

 

Faminow, M.D. 1998. Cattle, Deforestation and Development in the Amazon: An Economic and Environmental Perspective. CAB International, New York, U.S.A. 253 pp.

                                              

 

Return to index of controversies/Retornar ao índice das controvérsias: <link>

 

 

14.) Fankhauser & Tol: Value of human life

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1998.  The value of human life in global warming impacts. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 3(1): 83-85. Doi: 10.1023/A:1009640412108

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            The Other Side

 

Fankhauser, S. and R.S.J. Tol. 1998. The value of human life in global warming impacts – a comment.  Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 3(1): 87-88.

                                                

 

Fankhauser, S. 1995. Valuing Climate Change--The Economics of the Greenhouse. EarthScan, London, U.K. 180 pp.

                                              

 

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15.) Tol, Kirschbaum & Shoemaker et al.: Time preference

 

Fearnside, P.M. 2008. On the value of temporary carbon: A comment on Kirschbaum. Mitigation and Adaptation Stategies for Global Change 13(3): 207-210. DOI 10.1007/s11027-007-9112-7

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Fearnside, P.M. 2002. Time preference: Reply to Tol. Ecological Economics 41(1): 35-36. doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(02)00015-0

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Fearnside, P.M., D.A. Lashof and P. Moura-Costa. 2000.  Accounting for time in mitigating global warming through land-use change and forestry. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 5(3): 239-270. doi:10.1023/A:1009625122628

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Fearnside, P.M. 2002. Time preference in global warming calculations: A proposal for a unified index. Ecological Economics 41(1): 21-31. doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(02)00004-6

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Fearnside, P.M. 2002. Why a 100-year time horizon should be used for global warming mitigation calculations.  Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 7(1): 19-30. doi:10.1023/A:1015885027530

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Fearnside, P.M. 2011. Methane emissions from hydroelectric dams. Science (E-Letter 28 July 2011), http://www.sciencemag.org/content/331/6013/50.short/reply#sci_el_14254

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Fearnside, P.M. 2014. What role for short-lived climate pollutants in mitigation policy? Science Online comment on J.K. Shoemaker et al., Science 342: 1323-1324 (2013). http://comments.sciencemag.org/content/10.1126/science.1240162

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            The Other Side

 

Tol, R.S.J. 2002. Fearnside’s unified index for time preference: a comment. Ecological Economics 41: 33-34.

 

 

Kirschbaum, M.U.F. 2006, Temporary carbon sequestration cannot prevent climate change. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 11(5-6), 1151-1164.

 

Shoemaker, J.K., Schrag, D.P., Molina, M.J. Ramanathan, V. 2013. What role for short-lived climate pollutants in mitigation policy? Science 342: 1323-1324. Doi: 10.1126/science.1240162.

 

 

            Other comments on the controversy

 

Dornburg V. and G. Marland. 2008. Temporary storage of carbon in the biosphere does have value for climate change mitigation: a response to the paper by Miko Kirschbaum. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change13(3): 211-217. DOI: 10.1007/s11027-007-9113-6

 

 

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16.) INPE: How much deforestation is there?

 

Fearnside, P.M. & Barbosa, R.I. 2004. Accelerating deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia: Towards answering open questions. Environmental Conservation 31(1): 7-10. doi: 10.1017/S0376892904001055

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Fearnside, P.M. 1997.  Monitoring needs to transform Amazonian forest maintenance into a global warming mitigation option. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 2(2-3): 285-302. Doi: 10.1023/B:MITI.0000004483.22797.1b

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Fearnside, P.M. 1993.  Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia: The effect of population and land tenure. Ambio 22(8): 537-545.

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            Quem desmata a Amazônia: Os pobres ou os ricos? Ciência Hoje 19(113): 26-33. (1995).

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            Amazonie: La déforestation repart de plus belle. La destruction de la forêt dépend étroitemente des choix politiques. La Recherche 294: 44-46. (1997).

                                              

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1993.  Desmatamento na Amazônia: Quem tem razão nos cálculos—o INPE ou a NASA? Ciência Hoje 16(96): 6-8.

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Fearnside, P.M. 1990. Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia. Conservation Biology 4(4): 459-460. (book review: "Government Policies and Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon Region" by D.J. Mahar.)

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            The Other Side

 

Brazil, INPE 1998. Amazônia Desflorestamento 1995-1997 / Deforestation 1995-1997. Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil. 23 pp.

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A Crítica [Manaus]. 1989a “Satélites mostraram para o mundo: Amazônia está intacta”. 27 de fevereiro de 1989. p. 1.

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A Crítica [Manaus]. 1989b “Amazônia intacta: Destruição não atinge 2% de toda a floresta”. 27 de fevereiro de 1989. p. 10.

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17.) Falesi – Does pasture improve the soil?

 

            Philip Fearnside

 

Fearnside, P.M. 1980. The effects of cattle pasture on soil fertility in the Brazilian Amazon: consequences for beef production sustainability. Tropical Ecology 21(1): 125‑137.

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            Os efeitos das pastagens sobre a fertilidade do solo na Amazônia Brasileira: conseqüências para a sustentabilidade de produção bovina. Acta Amazonica 10(1): 119‑132. (1980).

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Fearnside, P.M. & R.I. Barbosa. 1998. Soil carbon changes from conversion of forest to pasture in Brazilian Amazonia. Forest Ecology and Management 108(1-2): 147-166. Doi: 10.1016/S0378-1127(98)00222-9

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Fearnside, P.M. 1998. Phosphorus and Human Carrying Capacity in Brazilian Amazonia. pp. 94-108 In: J.P. Lynch and J. Deikman (eds.) Phosphorus in Plant Biology: Regulatory Roles in Molecular, Cellular, Organismic, and Ecosystem Processes. American Society of Plant Physiologists, Rockville, Maryland. 401 pp.

                                                          

 

Fósforo e a capacidade de suporte humano na Amazônia brasileira. (Manuscript)

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Fearnside, P.M. 1980. The prediction of soil erosion losses under various land uses in the Transamazon Highway Colonization Area of Brazil. pp. 1287‑1295 In: J.I. Furtado (ed.) Tropical Ecology and Development: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium of Tropical Ecology, 16‑21 April 1979, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. International Society for Tropical Ecology (ISTE), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 1383 pp.

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            A previsão de perdas de terra através de erosão do solo sob vários usos de terra na área de colonização da Rodovia Transamazônica. Acta Amazonica 10(3): 505‑511. (1980).

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Barbosa, R.I. & P.M. Fearnside. 2000. Erosão do solo na Amazônia: Estudo de caso na região do Apiaú, Roraima, Brasil. Acta Amazonica 30(4): 601-613.

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            The Other Side

 

Falesi, I.C. 1976. Ecossistema de Pastagem Cultivada na Amazônia Brasileira. Boletim Técnico No. 1. Centro de Pesquisa Agropecuária do Trópico Úmido (CPATU), Belém, Pará. 193 p.

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Falesi, I.C. 1974. O solo na Amazônia e sua relação com a definição de sistemas de produção agrícola. p. 2.1-2.11 In: Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA) Reunião do Grupo Interdisciplinar de Trabalho sobre Diretrizes de Pesquisa Agrícola para a Amazônia (Trópico Úmido), Brasília, 6-10 de maio de 1974. Vol. 1. EMBRAPA, Brasília, DF. Paginação irregular.

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18.) Wright & Müller-Landao: Will urbanization save the forest?

 

Fearnside, P.M. 2008. Will urbanization cause deforested areas to be abandoned in Brazilian Amazonia? Environmental Conservation 35(3): 197-199. doi:10.1017/S0376892908004906

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            The Other Side

 

Wright, S.J. & Muller-Landau, H.C. (2006) The future of tropical species. Biotropica 38: 287-301.

                                              

 

Other comments on the controversy

 

Sloan, S. (2007) Fewer people may not mean more forest for Latin American forest frontiers. Biotropica 39: 443-446.

                                              

 

Laurance, W.F. (2006) Have we overstated the tropical biodiversity crisis? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 22: 65-70.

                                              

 

 

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19.) Mayanna Lahsen: Sociology of science in LBA

 

Fearnside, P.M. 2009. Science and carbon sinks in Brazil. Climatic Change 97(3): 373-378.  doi: 10.1007/s10584-009-9749-1.

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The Other Side

 

Lahsen, M. 2009. A science-policy interface in the global South: the politics of carbon sinks and science in Brazil. Climatic Change 97(3): 339-372.    doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9610-6

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20.) Rogério Cezar de Cerqueira Leite: Belo Monte Dam

 

Fearnside, P.M. 2010. Belo Monte: Resposta a Rogério Cezar de Cerqueira Leite. Site Globoamazonia 07/06/10 http://colunas.globoamazonia.com/philipfearnside/

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Republicação:

Belo Monte: Resposta a Rogério Cezar de Cerqueira Leite. pp. 295-296. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 1. Editora do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas. 296 pp.

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The Other Side / O outro lado

 

Leite, R.C.C. 2010. Belo Monte, a floresta e a árvore. Folha de São Paulo 19 de maio de 2010, p. A-3. http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/fsp/opiniao/fz1905201009.htm

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Other comments on the controversy /Outros comentários sobre a controvérsia

 

de Medeiros, H.F. 2010.  Fatos sobre Belo Monte. Folha de São Paulo. 01 de junho de 2010. P. A-3. http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/fsp/opiniao/fz0106201008.htm

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da Cunha, Rogério Grassetto Teixeira. 2010. Anti-ambientalismo a favor de Belo Monte. Correio da Cidadania 18-Jun-2010. http://www.correiocidadania.com.br/content/view/4750/57/

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More on Belo Monte / Mais sobre Belo Monte [Fearnside]:

 

English: Xingu River Dams (Belo Monte & Babaquara) <1> <2> <3> <4> <5> <6> <7> <8>

Português: Barragens do rio Xingu  <1><2> <3> <4> <5><6> <7> <8>  <9> <10>  <13> <14> <15> <16> <17> <18> <19>

 

Republicação: Gases de efeito estufa no EIA-RIMA da hidrelétrica de Belo Monte. pp. 279-286. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 1. Editora do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil. 296 pp. (2015).

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21.)                  Gilberto Câmara: The Importance of Roads

Gilberto Câmara: A Importância de Estradas

 

Fearnside, P.M. & W.F. Laurance. 2012. Infraestrutura na Amazônia: As lições dos planos plurianuais. Caderno CRH 25(64): 87-98. doi: 10.1590/S0103-49792012000100007 ISSN: 0103-4979

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Laurance, W.F., P.M. Fearnside, A.K.M. Albernaz, H.L. Vasconcelos & L.V. Ferreira. 2005. Response [to Câmara et al.]. Science 307: 1044. DOI:10.1126/science.307.5712.1046

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Laurance, W.F., A.K.M. Albernaz, P.M. Fearnside, H.L. Vasconcelos & L.V. Ferreira. 2004. Deforestation in Amazonia. Science 304: 1109. DOI:10.1126/science.304.5674.1109b

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The Other Side / outro lado

 

 

Câmara, G., A.P.D. Aguiar, M.I. Escada, S. Amaral, T. Carneiro, A.M.V. Monteiro, R. Araújo, I. Vieira & B. Becker. 2005. Amazonian Deforestation Models. Science 307: 1043-1044. doi: 0.1126/science.307.5712.1043c

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22.) ABAL – Dams and aluminum smelting

 Barragens e usinas de alumínio

 

Fearnside, P.M. 2016. Environmental and social impacts of hydroelectric dams in Brazilian Amazonia: Implications for the aluminum industry. World Development 77: 48-65. doi: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2015.08.015 (online version published 12 September 2015).

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Impactos ambientais e sociais de barragens hidrelétricas na Amazônia brasileira: As implicações para a indústria de alumínio. pp. 261-288. In: P.M. Fearnside (ed.) Hidrelétricas na Amazônia: Impactos Ambientais e Sociais na Tomada de Decisões sobre Grandes Obras. Vol. 2. Editora do INPA, Manaus. 297 pp. ISBN print: 978-85-211-0144-4 online: 978-85-211-0150-5 (2015).

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Fearnside, P.M. 2012. Belo Monte: Resposta à Associação Brasileira do Alumínio..

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Fearnside, P.M. 2011. A Usina Hidrelétrica de Belo Monte em pauta. Política Ambiental. No. 7, pp. 4-20. ISSN 1809-8185. [http://www.conservation.org/global/brasil/publicacoes/Documents/politicaambiental7.pdf]

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The Other Side / O outro lado

 

Azevedo, A. 2011. Réplica da Associação Brasileira do Alumínio (Abal) à revista Política Ambiental nº 7. [http://www.conservation.org/global/brasil/publicacoes/Documents/politicaambiental7_replica.pdf]

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